Ancient Egyptian Sites

Tall al-Muqdam

The site lies about 80km NE of Cairo and approximately 10km SE of Mit, Ghamr39.3km S of al-Mansurah city. The site is about 2 to 3m higher than the surrounding land, consisting of brown salty soil with ashes and patches of vegetation.
close to the western side is a large lake (dirty with bad smell), The first occupation of Tall al-Muqdam may date to the XVIII dynasty, but activity on the site is well attested particularly from the end of the Ramesside era and the beginning of the Third Intermediate Period.
During the Ptolemaic period it became the capital of the Leontopolites, the XI Lower Egyptian nome. This importance continued through the Roman era, perhaps even during the late Roman and Byzantine times.
On the eastern side of Tall al-Muqdam are the remains of the temple dedicated to the local lion god Mihos (Mahes or Miysis). This temple was probably built during the XXII Dynasty on a previous building of the XVIII Dynasty.

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Tall an-Naqus

The site lies about 10km to the SE of al-Mansurah on the way to as-Sinbillawayn. 11.05km SE of al-Mansurah city.  The other name Baqliyyah; Tall al-Baqliyyah; Gharb at-Tariq; Hermopolis Parva; Bâh; Per-Djehwty-wep-Rehwy (Pr-•Ìwty-wp-rÌwy), rhwy. The original site of al-Baqliyyah has mostly disappeared, but three main mounds remains today; Tall an-Naqus (the northern), Tall ash-Shiyakhah and Tall az-Zurayqi (unregistered, Zurayqi). All three are now used for governmental purposes and Tall an-Naqus has not been visited by GIS center. 

The area was probably first settled during the New Kingdom and became the capital of the XVth Lower Egyptian nome during the Ptolemaic period.  Many papyrus columns and the remains of the enclosure wall of the temple have been found at Tall an-Naqus. In Tall az-Zurayqi, ibis cemeteries have been recorded. Other finds include a granite block statue of the scribe "Nehesy" from the reign of Ramesses II, a block of Psametik I, and a statue of Nectanebo I.

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Tall Ghazalah

The site lies about 14 km E of As-Sinbillawayn, N of Ghazalah village. It is consists of three mounds covering an area of 400 x 111m, with a height of 4-5m above the surrounding agricultural land. It is partly surrounded by a modern village.
The site has been dated from the Naqada II period to the Old Kingdom (4th dynasty), Excavations have uncovered settlement remains from the Naqada II period, On the central and eastern mounds, several large Old Kingdom and Early Dynastic mudbrick structures have been excavated as well, the eastern mound served as a cemetery area. Graves excavated so far dates to Dynasty 0 and the First Dynasty. Tomb number 6 contained the body of a young girl buried on a platform of mudbrick surrounded by 20 pottery vessels. 

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Tall Timayy al-Lamdid

The site lies about 35km E of al-Mansurah, NW to as-Sinbillawayn, 15.82km SE of al-Mansurah city. The other name Mendes, Timai al-Amadid, Hierakonpolis, Tall al-Izam (Kom el-Adham), Tall al-Rub’. The tall is divided into two major mounds. The site was situated in a strategically important location by the Mendesian branch of the Nile. 
Archaeological evidence indicated that Mendes was occupied from the Naqada III period onwards and was a substantial settlement already in the Early Dynastic period. It was the capital of the XVIth nome of Lower Egypt and the site become the capital of Egypt 28-29 Dynasty. 
The Predynastic remains include mudbrick houses and ovens and typical Lower Egyptian pottery. The Old Kingdom cemetery was partly destroyed during the construction of the temple, East of the temple area lies the mound Kawm al-‘Izam (Kom el-Adham), named after the large number of bones on the surface, The founder of the 29th dynasty, Nepherites of Mendes, was buried in a limestone mastaba at the site. Residential areas, a harbor and a temple enclosure wall.  

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Athar Tall al-Buwayb Area

The site lies E of Dikirnis district, about 35 km NE of Mendes site. The site is divided into two parts; Baghlah and al-Buwayb,
 The site was occupied from the Hyksos period (Second Intermediate Period) to the Late Period. SCA excavations have identified three main levels of occupation, consisting of mudbrick houses of the 22nd dynasty, a Saite necropolis (two mudbrick tombs) and Late Period mudbrick houses.
Other finds include bronze objects, a scarab and a lot of pottery ovens.
Today, a lot of potsherds are visible in the area, concentrated around the old excavation trenches.

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Tall al-Balamanah

The site lies about 19 km, S of the Mediterranean coast and 5 km west of Damietta branch of the Nil and about 30.48 km NE of al-Mansurah city. The site served as the capital of the 17th Nome of Lower Egypt. The first mention of the site comes from the reign of Tuthmosis III. On the west mound, significant Roman remains have been recorded and it was occupied until the 6th century AD. The British mission which worked in the site from 1990 until now uncovered three temples dates from the new kingdom to 30 Dynasty. Tow enclosure wall surrounded the temples, fort and the mastaba tomb of the vizier Iken from the reign of Osorkon I was found partly cut into this enclosure wall. The mudbrick tomb consisted of a tomb chamber and a vaulted roof, and had been plundered in antiquity.

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